History of Baden near Vienna
Baden near Vienna is a small town, charming, romantic, nestled up against the rolling hills of the Vienna Woods and within easy reach of the metropolitan area of Vienna. It is situated only 26 kilometres to the south of Vienna, and is yet far enough away from the hustle and bustle of city life. Time seems to have stopped here, nothing disturbs its inhabitants in the tranquillity of their lives. Embedded in the green hills of the Vienna Woods, surrounded by meadows and vineyards and set in a parklandlike scenery, Baden is a town with its own flair and has developed an atmosphere unmistakably its own. Its history is closely connected with the healthy thermal sulphur mineral springs. The Romans named the spa Acquae meaning water, and in 869 the name Padun was first mentioned in records. The city's coat of arms and insignia, awarded 1480, tells of the 2000 years of bathing tradition.
Baden near Vienna was the Emperor's residence in the early 19th century, the period of time referred to as Biedermeier. Between 1803 and 1834, the Habsburg Court spent every summer in Baden. The entourage consisted of the aristrocracy, rich citizens, artists and internationally renowned personalities. Traces of these bygone days still can be found in Baden. Many villas, palaces and houses of citizens and squares remind of the renowned architects of the 19th century: Josef Kornhäusl, Peter Nobile, Karl von Moreau and Otto Wagner.
Behind the classical facades of these places lived historical personalities like Emperor Franz I and Emperor Karl I, Napoleon's wife Marie Luise, the Duke of Reichstatt, Metternich and Gentz, Fanny Elßler and Moritz von Schwind, Franz Schubert and Karl Komzak have spent many summers in Baden. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Ludwig van Beethoven composed in Baden. Franz Liszt steyed there and so did Josef Lanner, Strauss Father and Strauss Son, Carl Michael Ziehrer and Karl Millöcker.
Baden is a town of gardens and roses. The historic spa gardens Kurpark and Doblhoffpark with their rosegardens of many thousands of roses are places of tranquillity and recreation. But not only the town itself is worth visiting. Trails take you past the castle ruins of the Helena Valley to the monasteries of Heiligenkreuz and Mayerling. Within easy reach in the surroundings of Baden are also the grasslands of the Puszta around Lake Neusiedl, the snow-capped mountain peaks of Rax and Schneeberg and Austria's capital and cultural metropolis Vienna.
Baden is most popular for its healthy sulphurous thermal springs of calcium-natrium-magnesium-sulphate-chloride minerals which reach the surface at 36° C, thus forming the basis for the special spa treatments and cures of Baden. Some four million liters of sulphurous water are used daily in Baden.
The large pedestrian precinct in Baden has been the result of a new understanding of public space and offers modern shopping facilities. The newly adapted Congress Casino and the conference and seminar hotels of the town offer state-of-the-art conference technology. A pleasant atmosphere, all necessary installations and facilities and proximity to Vienna make Baden an ideal place for conferences and meetings.